Note: First familiarise yourself with this linguistic category by having a look at the respective level desriptors in the ICAO Language Proficiency Rating Scale.

The basic elements of pronunciation (therefore of accent) are the individual sounds (phonemes) of the language, the patterns for stressing and unstressing syllables and words, and the patterns governing the rhythm and intonation of sentences or utterances. Pronunciation is particularly susceptible to the influence of a first language or regional variations and plays a very important role in the intelligibility of messages.

The learning processes involved in the development of pronunciation (phonological competence) therefore include

a) listening and perception of meaningful phonemes and patterns;

b) reproduction through repetition and rehearsal;

c) adjustment in accordance with overt correction or feedback on communicative success.


Introductory movie about phonetics:



Stage a):

Cambridge English Online - Focus on Phonetics (Sounds)

BBC Pronunciation tips

English Club - Pronunciation


Stage b):

American English Pronunciation Practice

Daily Pronunciation Practice


Stage c):


English Pronunciation - 4 Common Mistakes...



Improve your pronunciation of English nouns...